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Glossary

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  • About | PadScouts

    Meet The Team Helping You Navigate Your Next Real Estate Decision Daniel Walus Designated Managing Broker (E) Daniel@PadScouts.com (P) 773-551-4990 ​ Lic. 471.019463 Araceli Flores Buyer & Seller Specialist Lic. 475.202929 Miguel Aranda Buyer & Seller Specialist Lic. 475.181657 Aneta Korzec Buyer & Seller Specialist Lic. 475.124896 Andrew Aranda Buyer & Seller Specialist Lic. 475.211239 What We Do We understand that buying or selling a home is more than just a transaction: it’s a life-changing experience. That’s why our team of highly-seasoned real estate professionals is dedicated to providing exceptional, personalized service for all of our clients. We take great pride in the relationships we build and always work relentlessly on the client’s behalf to help them achieve their real estate goals. We also diligently work to educate everyone on the home buying and selling process. We understand that buying or selling a home is unlike the day-to-day transactions we are used to. We pride ourselves in educating our clients to make sure the whole process is transparent so there are no surprises. Lastly, there is never an obligation to work with us. You can always contact us to learn more without committing to working with our team. We believe in educating everyone regardless if they are our client. We wish you the best on your next real estate decision!

  • Real Estate | Padscouts | Chicago

    Your Real Estate Resource Helping home buyers and sellers in the Chicagoland area with all their real estate needs! Home Buying Process One-Stop Resource PadScouts' Real Estate Resource is here to tell you about all of the steps involved in the home buying and selling process. Our goal is to give you information about the processes so you can make informed choices for your real estate decisions. Personalized Consultation Home Buying Process Learn every step of the home buying process from start to finish. There are a lot of steps and many people involved. We want to make sure you're fully informed! Lease-To-Own Opportunities Not ready to buy a home? There are resources available that can help you secure the property before you can buy. Home Selling Process Learn every step of the home selling process and all of the costs associated so that you can make the best decisions when selling your home. Glossary There is a lot of terminology in real estate. Look them up here to learn about them before a real estate transaction. Reviews Our real estate experts are here to help you if the site doesn't have the answers you're looking for. See how they've helped others who've requested a free consultation. “This was a great resource to look up information about selling my home! I had a complex inheritance deal so I scheduled a personal consultation and spoke with Robin. He was amazing to work with and helped us navigate the resources available to help us buy the property! ” Gloria M. Contact

  • Closing Documents | PadScouts

    Closing Documents These are the documents finalized at closing:​​​ ​ The deed – This is filed with the Recorded of Deeds office. It transfers title from the buyer to the seller. The Affidavit of Title – A statement by the seller about any known legal issues with the property or encumbrances on the seller’s title. Bill of Sale – A receipt-like document that shows the seller received all payments for the sale of the property. ALTA Settlement Statement – An itemized list of all the money and credits during the exchange. Transfer Tax Forms – Tax forms that show the amount of consideration paid for by buyer for the purposes of evaluating the transfer tax costs. ​ At least three business days before your closing, the lender should give you Closing Disclosure statement, which outlines closing fees. Compare this to your Loan Estimate and ask the lender to explain what each line item on your closing costs is and why it is needed. There are limitations on the amount a number of fees can increase from the Loan Estimate to the Closing Disclosure so there really shouldn’t be any surprises on closing day. But if there are, you can still walk away at closing.

  • Dual Agency | PadScouts

    Dual Agency Dual Agency is when a licensed Realtor represents both the Buyer and the Seller in a transaction. This is not legal in all States so it is important to ask check your State laws to see if it is legal, if your Realtor finds themselves in that situation. ​ In Illinois, Dual Agency is legal as long as both the Buyer and the Seller consents to the dual representation. This is performed through Dual Agency disclosures. An example of such a disclosure can be seen in this Listing Agreement . ​ Complexities with Dual Agency ​ Communication Dual agents are restricted in releasing confidential information about either client, and they cannot give preferential treatment to either party to the transaction. Client’s of dual agents sometimes become frustrated that the agent will not communicate with them beyond relaying information to and from the other client ​ Pricing Advice Real estate agents often have a better idea of a property’s true market value than the seller or buyer. In most cases, they also know the lowest price a seller is willing to accept or the highest the buyer is willing to offer. However, a dual agent is restricted in using this knowledge to complete the transaction. Discussions with either client about the price to offer or accept can lead to violations of the dual agency agreement and possibly result in the revocation of the agent’s license. For this reason, their knowledge of the market and experience in selling property is of limited value to either party.

  • Seller's Agent | PadScouts

    REALTOR (R) Seller's Agent A REALTOR (R) is real estate professional that is both a licensed real estate agent or broker AND a member of the National Realtor's Association. They are experts in the residential real estate process and help represent Sellers and Buyers during their real estate transaction. ​ On this page, we will discuss the role, duties, and responsibilities of the Buyer's Agent: ​ Role Showings: Sellers's Agents will coordinate with you and the prospective buyers to schedule time and access for property showings. Negotiations: Seller's Agents will assist the Seller in the Offer Negotiation process when the Seller receives offers to purchase their home. These include individual offers, multiple bids, and other offer situations. Management: Seller's Agents will assist the Seller in managing the entire buying process by organizing all of the requisite documents and ensuring all parties involved in the transaction are active in ensuring the selling process is being executed properly and in a timely fashion. ​ Benefits - You do not need a real estate agent to sell a home; in fact, some home sellers leave the Seller's Agent out of the equation. However, you might benefit from hiring one. ​ To save time. Agents are professionals who are active in the market and will have a pulse on the general market conditions in your area. Pricing a home properly on the market is important so that Sellers can receive the highest payment for their property and to sell quickly. Mispriced homes can end up staying on the market longer than desired by Sellers and may impair the Sellers ability to purchase another home and/or move on time. To get information and help with negotiations. Good agents should have wealth of information to help you make a decision. And, they’ll handle a lot of complex paperwork on your behalf. Offer Contract Contingency Negotiations Home Inspection Reports Appraisal Reports Earnest Money Escrow Extension Requests Another plus is that your agent will handle a ton of paperwork on your behalf. Unless you love filling out forms – and have experience in real estate transactions – this is a chore best left to the professionals, who should ensure that everything is done by the book. You could easily make a mistake with these documents. Mistakes can cause deals to fall apart or (worse) make you liable for an inadvertent breach of contract. (Licensed agent will have errors and omissions insurance to limit this risk.) An experienced agent will make sure that everything that needs to take place — counter-offers, extensions, appraisal, inspection, walk-through, loan approval — happens when it’s supposed to and how it’s supposed to.​ ​ ​​

  • Counter Offer | PadScouts

    Counter Offer When sellers receive a purchase offer from a would-be buyer, remember that unless they accept it exactly as it stands, unconditionally, the buyer will be free to walk away. Any change the proposed buyer makes in a counteroffer puts the seller at risk of losing that chance to sell. ​ Who pays for what items is often determined by local custom. Sellers can, however, arrive at any agreement they and the buyers want about who pays for different costs. Some examples of what can be negotiated on who pays: ​ Buyer's closing costs Points to the buyer's lender Buyer's broker fee Repairs required by the lender Home protection policy ​Termite inspection Survey ​ Sellers may feel some of these costs are not their responsibility, but many buyers—particularly first-timers—are short of cash. Helping a buyer may be the best way to get a home sold. ​ Whether you're buying or selling, make sure a real estate agent and/or an attorney evaluate all terms in the offer and counteroffers. ​ As soon as both parties accept the written offer, you have a legal contract. ​ You can accept or reject it or to even make your own counteroffer—for example, "We accept the counteroffer with the higher price, except we still insist on having the pool table." ​ Each time either party makes any change in the terms, the other side is free to accept or reject the offer or counter again. The document becomes a binding contract only when one party finally signs an unconditional acceptance of the other side's proposal. ​​

  • Buying | PadScouts

    Home Buying Buying a home may be the biggest financial decision of your life. Make sure you're informed. The home buying process is unlike any other purchases you've made in your life. It is important to understand the complexity of such a large transaction so that you know all of the costs, benefits, and risks associated with owning real estate. Home Buying Steps Step 1: Pre-Approval Professional Involved: Mortgage professional ​ The first step to the home search process is to be pre-approved by a mortgage lender. The pre-approval will help you determine your financial situation. There are different types of mortgage loans. Learn why it is the first step: Pre-Approval Step 2: Buyer Interview Professional Involved: Realtor ​ The 2nd step in the home search process is to work with a Realtor to talk about your wish list and your financial situation. In this conversation with your Realtor, you will work together to determine what are realistic goals when looking for your next home. You may also enter into a Buyer's Agreement with your Realtor. Steps 3: Home Search Professional Involved: Realtor ​ The 3rd step involves you and your Realtor searching for available properties and scheduling showings to view properties. You might also be attending Open Houses during the home search process. Step 4: Make an Offer Professionals Involved: Realtor ​ The 4th Step is when you've found the property you wish to purchase and you work with your Realtor to send an offer to the Seller for the price you'd like to purchase it for. An offer is a legal document used to outline a potential real estate transaction between a buyer and seller. Step 5: Negotiate Professionals Involved: Realtor ​ The 5th Step occurs after you submit an offer to the Seller. The Seller can decide to Counter Your Offer , Accept Your Offer , or Reject Your Offer . If there are multiple offers, the Seller may counter by asking for your Highest and Best Offer . Step 6: Contract to Close Professionals Involved: Realtor Mortgage Professional Real Estate Attorney Appraiser Home Inspector Title Company ​ The 6th Step occurs after your offer is Accepted. The Attorney Review , Home Inspection and Mortgage Approval are occurring simultaneously. Step 7: Closing Professionals Involved: Realtor Mortgage Professional Real Estate Attorney Title Company ​ The 7th Step occurs after the financing is confirmed. The property's utility will be switched over to you, the final walk-through is conducted, the title is transferred , closing costs paid and closing documents completed.

  • Escrow | PadScouts

    What Is Escrow? Escrow is when a neutral third party holds on to funds during a transaction. In real estate, it’s used as a way to protect both the buyer and seller during the home purchasing process. After a property is purchased, the new homeowner continues to put money into escrow as a means of paying mortgage and insurance payments. ​ For example, earnest money is an amount paid in to escrow early in the home purchase process to essentially put a “hold” on the property for the buyer. It’s a way of showing serious intent that the buyer is going to stay true to their offer, and protects sellers from having to deal with buyers putting out multiple offers or going into negotiations on multiple properties. At closing, the earnest money payment is generally taken out of escrow and put toward the buyer’s down payment. ​ The purpose of escrow is two-fold. It guarantees the seller that the buyer has the funds needed for the purchase and that the money will be handed over once the title is transferred, and it guarantees the buyer that they won’t be scammed by a fraudulent seller who actually holds no claim to a title. Ultimately, escrow helps ensure trust in a high-stakes transaction where neither party may be familiar with each other and where both have a lot to lose. ​ Escrow vs Escrow Account ​ Here’s a set of terms that are closely related but not to be confused with each other. Many people have trouble understanding real estate escrow because they mistake it for an escrow account, so it’s important to know the difference. ​ An escrow account is a separate account managed by a lender to collect advance insurance payments and tax payments from a homeowner. Usually, a lender will add up the total amount due for these payments in a year, divide it by 12, and tack on that extra amount to each mortgage payment. When those payments are due to either a homeowners insurance agency or the IRS, the lender pays them for the homeowner out of the escrow account. Many states, but not all, require lenders to pay interest to homeowners on their escrow account. ​ The simplest way to think of the difference is Escrow happens during the process of buying/selling the home. After the house is sold or purchased, Escrow Accounts are where your mortgage payments are partially paid to in order to pay for your PMI payments and property taxes . ​ ​

  • Pre-Qualified | PadScouts

    Pre-Qualified Mortgage pre-qualification differs from a pre-approval in that pre-qualification assesses whether your debt-to-income ratio fits a lending institution' guidelines for home loans. It also provides an estimate of how much you may be able to borrow - a good first step in your house-hunting journey. ​ While this number is informative, keep in mind how much you may qualify to borrow is often more than how much you can afford to spend on your new home and still have money left over for the other important things in your life; like furniture for your new home. ​ Getting pre-qualified doesn’t require a commitment from you or the bank. It isn't a true application and your credit history doesn't factor into your pre-qualification. Even so, you should be aware that when you apply for a mortgage, your credit score will affect your ability to qualify. If you have concerns about your credit history, talk to your mortgage loan officer now to find out what loan options might be available to you. ​ When you get pre-qualified, you can request a letter stating how much you may be able to borrow, based on the information you provided to the lender. You can give this letter to your real estate agent to show you’re a serious homebuyer. ​ ​​

  • Contract | PadScouts

    Illinois Contract

  • Home Inspector | PadScouts

    Home Inspector Home inspectors are certified and licensed by each State to provide home inspections for real estate transactions. Home inspectors have a lot of ground to cover. Every reasonable, visible inch of a home is evaluated from top to bottom, and the inspector records the findings in a report for the Buyer, a real estate agent, or another client.

  • Mortgage Professionals | PadScouts

    Mortgage Professionals There are four main types of mortgage companies where you can apply and receive a mortgage loan, and the one that works best for you will depend on your situation: ​ Banks and Mortgage Bankers - This is a great option if you prefer to have all of your financial accounts in one place; however, it may take longer to close your loan. Additionally, they may not offer government-backed loans (for example, FHA, VA, or USDA home loans). Perhaps the most common of all financial institutions are banks. Banks get their money from investors and its own customers. In addition to offering checking and savings and investment options, banks will often offer different types of mortgage loans for qualified borrowers. For many people, their local bank is the first and possibly only financial institution they will ever do business with. ​ Credit Unions - Credit unions usually offer loans only to their members. They may have lower costs and interest rates, but like banks, they may take longer to close. Like banks, they may not offer government-backed loans. Credit unions are very similar to banks, except that they are owned by their account holders, known as members. These institutions usually require membership and get funds from their members. Similar to their bank counterparts, credit unions offer a range of services to their members such as depository accounts for checking, savings, and retirement. As with banks, credit union members will often utilize their institution as a one-stop shop, obtaining their mortgage loan, as well as all their other banking needs at the same place. ​ Mortgage Lenders - Unlike banks and credit unions, which offer a variety of financial services, mortgage lenders exist for the sole purpose of real estate loans. Unlike banks and credit unions, most mortgage lenders can take care of the entire process “in-house.” This can shorten the time frame involved with obtaining a mortgage. A mortgage lender is a financial institution, similar to a bank, that originates and funds loans in their own name. Unlike banks and credit unions, mortgage lenders exist for the sole purpose of making loans against real estate. Most mortgage lenders do not service, or “keep”, their loans. Instead, lenders sell their loans to banks or servicing companies. These servicers then take on the job of collecting payments on a monthly basis. Mortgage lenders get their money from banks, also known as investors. Unlike banks and credit unions, most lenders do all their own loan processing, underwriting and closing functions “in-house.” They can take care of the entire process with internal staff. In-house operations shorten the time frame involved with obtaining a mortgage loan. ​ Mortgage Brokers - Mortgage brokers do not lend money directly; rather they have access to many different lenders and loan programs. This can give you access to more options. But they do not have as much control over the speed of a loan approval as a bank or mortgage lender. A mortgage broker is essentially a “middleman” between the homeowner and bank. Mortgage brokers do not lend money directly. Brokers have access to many lenders, as well as many different loan programs. In some cases, especially when your credit isn’t perfect, a mortgage broker can shop around to find a home loan that isn’t offered by a bank, credit union, or even a lender. Home buyers with special income types, lower credit, or are looking at a unique property might inquire at a broker first. Or, if your home bank or credit union can’t approve you, your next step is to talk to mortgage companies and brokers.

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